Philosophy 140 – Introduction to Ethics Saint Peter’s University - Professor William Evans Final Essay, Chapter 12, Religion and Ethics Same message as for previous essays: Your essay should be approximately 500 words. This gives you an idea of the length I expect, but I don’t count words or pages. Write the best essay that you can. Answer all questions in bold type, meaning, answer the questions below that are in bold, not that your answers have to be in bold. Please type your essay in MS Word and send it to me by email attachment. Please don’t use any other word processing programs, because I may not be able to open them. Your essay should be double-spaced, with margins about 1 inch all the way around. I do expect that you will proofread your essay and correct typos and grammatical errors. The date the essay is due is absolutely no later than Saturday, May 7, at 9 pm. Please include your name in the file name of your word processing document. This is just for my convenience. This is not a research assignment. I strongly recommend that you do not search online for help in writing this essay. Most of what is online is either junk or simply not relevant for us. I have designed this assignment so that you need only consult our reading and notes on the chapter and what we discussed in order to write a fine essay. If you have any questions, just ask me. I also remind you about the policy on plagiarism as stated on our syllabus. 1. Consider the Case for Religion (pages 205-208). Each of the six ways begins “if there is a God” or “if theism is true.” Explain the second way. This way depends assumptions about previous lives and future lives (“karma”) and about whether the soul is immortal (my good works will be rewarded and my bad works punished by God—in a future life after death). If those assumptions are questionable, then do you think that this second way is not justified, that there is no good reason to believe it? Be sure to explain your answer. 2. Explain the fourth way in the Case for Religion. Then explain why the first way in the Case Against Religion casts some doubt on that fourth way. What do you think? Which of these two do you find more persuasive? (You can, of course, answer “neither.”) Be sure to explain your answer. 3. Consider the Case Against Religion (pages 208-210). Explain the second idea there: we don’t know for sure whether a benevolent God exists. And what do you think? Do find that the reasons given to explain this idea support the Case Against Religion? And, of course, explain your answer.